1. THE STRUCTURE OF THE
OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
THE HEBREW CANON.
I.--THE LAW (Torah).
A. GENESIS. The beginning. All produced by the Word of
God (Gen 1:3). Israel as a "family" (Gen 15:1)
B. EXODUS. History. Israel emerging from Families and
Tribes to a Nation. Called "Hebrews" according to their
A. DEUTERONOMY. The end. All depending on the Word of
Jehovah. Israel regarded as in the "Land."
C. LEVITICUS. Worship. Jehovah in the midst. He,
Israel's God; and they, His People.
B. NUMBERS. History. Israel, now a "Nation,"
numbered, and blessed as such (23, 24).
II.--THE PROPHETS (Nebi'im).
The Former Prophets (Zech. 7:7) - [a,b,c,d]:
A. JOSHUA. "The Lord of all the earth" giving possession of the
Land. Government under Priests.
B. JUDGES. Israel forsaking and returning to God;
losing and regaining their position in the Land. "No king."
Bethlehem. Failure under Priests.
A. MINOR PROPHETS. "The Lord of all the earth"
giving restored possession of the Land, and foretelling final and unending
C. SAMUEL. Man's king "rejected"; God's
king (David) "established."
B. EZEKIEL. God forsaking Israel, and returning in
glory, to say for ever of His Land and city "Jehovah-Shammah."
D. KINGS. Decline and Fall under the kings.
C. JEREMIAH. Human kings "rejected."
David's "righteous Branch" "raised up."
The Latter Prophets [d,c,b,a]:
D. ISAIAH. Final blessing under God's King.
III.--THE PSALMS (Kethubim, Writings).
A. PSALMS. Tehilim. "Praises." God's
purposes and counsels as to His doings in the future.
B. PROVERBS, i.e. Rules: Words which govern or rule
man's life. God's moral government set forth.
A. CHRONICLES. Dibrae hayyamim. "Words of
the Days"; or, God's purposes and counsels as to Israel's doings in the
past, and until the time of the end.
C. JOB. "The end of the Lord" shown in
Satan's defeat, and the saints deliverance from tribulation.
B. EZRA-NEHEMIAH. Men who governed and ruled God's
People in their resettlement in the Land.
The Five Megilloth [d,e,f,e,d]:
C. DANIEL. "God's judgment." Here are
shown the final defeat of Antichrist, and the deliverance out of "the
D. CANTICLES. Virtue rewarded. Read by the Jews at the Passover: the
Feast which commemorates the deliverance from Pharaoh, the Jews'
E. RUTH. The stranger gathered in to hear of,
and share in, God's goodness in Redemption. Read at Pentecost, which
commemorates God's goodness in the Land.
D. ESTHER. Virtue rewarded. Read at the Feast of
Purim, which commemorates the deliverance from Haman, "the Jews'
F. LAMENTATIONS. "Alas!" The record
of Israel's woes. Read at the Fast of the ninth of Abib.
E. ECCLESIASTES. "The Preacher." The
People collected to hear of man's vanity. Read at the Feast of
Tabernacles, which commemorates God's goodness in the wilderness.