"The Stars Also".
This Is Appendix
12 From The Companion Bible.
the first mention of the heavenly bodies, the purpose of the Creator is clearly
stated. Genesis 1:14-19
reveals the fact that they were created, not only "to divide the day
from the night, and to give light upon the earth"; but, they were
set "for SIGNS,
and for SEASONS,
and for days and years".
The figure Polysyndeton (see
Appendix 6) emphasises these four purposes, and bids us single them out and
consider them separately and independtly.
They are "for SIGNS".
Hebrew 'oth, from 'athah, to come.
Signs, therefore, of something or some One to come. Those who
understand them are enlightened by them. Those who do not may well be "dismayed"
The stars are numbered and named. There are twelve signs of
the Zodiac, called "the stars" Genesis 37:9
(eleven of which bowed down to Joseph's, the twelfth). The word Zodiac
means the degrees or steps, which mark the stages of
the sun's path through the heavens, corresponding with the twelve months.
The stars were all named by God (Psalm 147:4).
Most of these names have been lost; but over 100 are preserved through the
Arabic and Hebrew, and are used by astronomers to-day, though their meaning is
unknown to them. Many of them are used in Scripture as being well known, though
the translations are somewhat speculative: for example Job 9:9.
Hebrew 'ash (Arcturus, Revised Version the Bear), kesil
(Authorized Version Orion), kimah (Pleiades). Job 38:31,
(margin, and Revised Version, the twelve signs; margin, the signs of the Zodiac).
'ash (Arcturus with her sons, Revised Version the Bear with her
train, both versions being incorrect as to the names). See also Isaiah 13:10.
These names and the twelve "signs" go
back to the foundation of the world. Jewish tradition, preserved by Josephus,
assures us that this Bible astronomy was invented by Adam, Seth and Enoch.
We see evidence of it as early as Genesis 11:4,
where we read of the Tower of Babel having "his top with the heavens".
There is nothing about the wrongly supplied italics "may reach unto".
The words, doubtless, refer to the signs of the Zodiac, pictured at the top of
the Tower, like the Zodiacs in the Temples of Denderah, and Esneh in Egypt.
The Babylonian "Creation Tablets"
refer to them, though their primitve meaning had been either corrupted or lost.
It is the same with the Greek mythology, which is a corruption of primitive
truth which had been lost and perverted.
We have to remember that our written Scriptures
began with Moses, say in 1490 B.C.:
and thus, for more than 2,500 years, the revelation of the hope which God gave
in Genesis 3:15
was preserved in the naming of the stars and their grouping
in Signs and Constellations.
These groupings are quite arbitrary. There is nothing in the
positions of the stars to suggest the pictures originally drawn around them. The
Signs and Constellations were first designed and named; then, the pictures were
drawn around them respectively. Thus the truth was enshrined and written in the
heavens, where no human hand could touch it. In later years, when Israel came
into the possession of the written "Scriptures of truth",
there was no longer any need for the more ancient writing in the heavens. Hence,
the original teaching gradually faded away and the heathen, out of the
smattering they had heard by tradition, evolved their cosmogonies and
Psalm 19 contains a vivid reference to these two Books of
revelation. That is why there is the very sudden change of subject at verse 7;
a change which still perplexes and baffles all the skill of commentators.
The teaching is preserved in the structure of the Psalm, where
- A | 1
- 4 -.
- B | - 4
- 6. "In
them, the sun".
- A | 7
- B | 11
- 14. "In
this structure every line emphasises the elaboration of the design: for, while,
in the first half, all the terms are literary, in the latter half
they are all astronomical, thus welding the two portions of the
Psalm into one harmonious whole.First
Book. The Redeemer.
For the meaning of the words, reference must be made to the
Psalm itself. We can only note here that the first part does not refer to the wonders
of creation, but to the eloquence of its teaching and revelation:
they "declare", tell, or narrate (Genesis 24:66.
they "utter speech", but without words (omit "where"
in verse 3);
Hebrew = they "show forth", exhibit (Genesis 3:11.
they prophesy "day by day", "night by night".
The question is: What do they prophesy? What knowledge do they show forth? What
glory do they tell of?
The answer is - Genesis 3:15.
The one great central truth of all prophecy - the coming One, Who, though He
should suffer, should in the end crush the head of the old serpent, the Devil.
But, where are we to open this book? Where are we to break
into this circle of the Zodiacal signs?
Through the "precession of the Equinoxes"
the sun gradually shifts its position a little each year, till in about every
2,000 years it begins the year in a different sign. This was foreseen; and it
was also foreseen that succeeding generations would not know when and where the
sun began its course, and where the teaching of this Heavenly Book commenced,
and where we were to open its first page. Hence the "Sphinx"
was invented as a memorial. It had the head of a woman and the body and tail of
a lion, to tell us that this Book, written in the Heavens, began with the sign "Virgo",
and will end with the sign "Leo". The word "sphinx"
is from the Greek sphingo, to join; because it binds together the
two ends of this circle of the heavens.
The number of the Signs is twelve, the number of governmental
perfection or "rule": compare Genesis 1:18
(Appendix 10). They
are divided into three books of four chapters (or signs) each: twelve being the
product of 3 x 4. that is to say, of Divine truth working in the
heavens and in the earth (see
Each book, therefore, consists of four signs; and these are
all arranged, by structure, in exactly the same way. Each is an introversion.
Thus we have the three books:
(His first coming).
Book. The Redeemed.
- A | VIRGO. The prophecy of the promised seed.
- B | LIBRA. The Redeemer's work (grace).
- B | SCORPIO. The Redeemer's conflict.
- A | SAGITTARIUS. The prophecy
(His work and its results).
Book. The Redeemer.
- C | CAPRICORNUS. The prophecy of deliverance.
- D | AQUARIUS. Results of work bestowed.
- D | PISCES. Results of work enjoyed.
- C | ARIES. The prophesied
(His Second Coming.)
- E | TAURUS. The prophecy of coming judgment.
- F | GEMINI. The Redeemer's reign in glory.
- F | CANCER. The Redeemer's possession safe.
- E | LEO. The prophecy of triumph
of the four chapters in each of these three books consists of three sections;
and each section is represented by a Constellation. There are thus thirty-six (3
x 12) Constellations, which, with the twelve Signs, make forty-eight (4 x 12) in
They may thus be set forth :
First Book. The Redeemer.
"The sufferings of Christ."
- VIRGO (A).
prophecy of the promised seed.
- COMA. (= The desired). The woman and child the desired of all nations
(in the most ancient Zodiacs).
- CENTAURUS (with two natures). The despised sin-offering.
- BOOTES. The coming One with branch.
- LIBRA (B).
Redeemer's atoning work.
- CRUX. The Cross endured.
- LUPUS. The Victim slain.
- CORONA. The Crown bestowed.
- SCORPIO (B).
- SERPENS. Assaulting the man's heel.
- OPHIUCHUS. The man grasping the serpent.
- HERCULES. The mighty man victorious.
- SAGITTARIUS (A).
- LYRA. Praise prepared for the Conqueror.
- ARA. Fire prepared for His enemies.
- DRACO. The dragon cast down.
Second Book. The Redeemed.
- CAPRICORNUS (C).
result of the Redeemer's sufferings.
- SAGITTA. The arrow of God sent forth.
- AQUILA. The smitten One falling.
- DELPHINUS. The dead One rising again.
- AQUARIUS (D).
- PISCIS AUSTRALIS. The blessings bestowed.
- PEGASUS. The blessings quickly coming.
- CYGNUS. The Blesser surely returning.
- PISCES (D).
Blessings in abeyance.
- THE BAND. The great enemy, "Cetus."
- ANDROMEDA. The redeemed in bondage.
- CEPHEUS. The Deliverer coming to loosen.
- ARIES (C).
- CASSIOPEIA. The captive delivered.
- CETUS. The great enemy bound.
- PERSEUS. The "Breaker" delivering.
Third Book. The Redeemer.
"The glory that should follow."
- TAURUS (E).
coming to rule.
- ORION. The Redeemer breaking forth as Light.
- ERIDANUS. Wrath breaking forth as a flood.
- AURIGA. Safety for His redeemed in the day of wrath.
- GEMINI (F).
as Prince of princes.
- LEPUS. The enemy trodden under foot.
- CANIS MAJOR. The coming glorious Prince.
- CANIS MINOR. The exalted Redeemer.
- CANCER (F).
- URSA MINOR. The lesser sheepfold.
- URSA MAJOR. The fold and the flock.
- ARGO. The pilgrim's arrival at home.
- LEO (E).
- HYDRA. The old serpent destroyed.
- CRATER. The cup of wrath poured put.
- CORVUS. The birds of prey devouring.
will be noted that the modern names are used, but only for the purpose of
readier identification. Some of these names were given in ignorance by those who
had lost the primitive signification of the twelve Signs and of the thirty-six
The Hebrew and Arabic names of these, and of the principal
stars contained in them, are full of truth and eloquent in their teaching. Thus:
VIRGO the (Virgin). Here we have the star AL
Zimach. Hebrew Zemach, the branch. Isaiah 4:2.
Jeremiah 23:5, 6.
All the other stars have cognate meanings.
- COMA. The Desired (Haggai 2:7).
(Egyptian Shes-nu = the desired son.)
- CENTAURUS, Al Beze, the despised (Isaiah 53:3).
- BOOTES (Hebrew bo', to come), Psalm 96:13.
Hebrew Arcturus (Job 9:9
= He cometh). Egyptian = Smat, one who rules.
was anciently the Altar (Accadian = Tulki). The two
bright stars are to-day called in Arabic Zuben al Genubi = the
price which is deficient, and Zuben al Chemali = the price which
- CRUX. Hebrew karath, cut off (Daniel 9:26).
- LUPUS. Greek name Thera, a beast. Latin Victima.
Hebrew zabah, slain. In the Zodiac of Denderah = Sura,
- CORONA. Hebrew 'atarah, a royal crown. Arabic Al
iclil, a jewel. Its brightest star = Al phena, the
Hebrew 'akrab (Psalm 91:13).
Coptic name = Isidis = the attack of th enemy. Arabic = Al
aterah, the wounding of the coming One. The brightest star is Antares
(Arabic = wounding). Hebrew Lezuth,
- SERPENS. The brightest star is called (Hebrew) 'anak
= encompassing. Hebrew Kelalah
= the accursed. Arabic Al hay, the reptile.
- OPHIUCHUS is from Arabic Afeichus = the serpent held.
The brightest star is Ras al hagus = the head of him holds.
Other names are Megeras = contending. In the Zodiac of
Denderah he is Api-bau = the chief who cometh. Other stars are
Triophas = treading under foot; Saiph = bruised;
Carnebas = bruised.
- HERCULES. In the Zodiac of Denderah called Bau = who
cometh. Arabic Al giscale, the strong one. The brightest star,
Ras al Gethi = the head of him who bruises.
Hebrew kesheth (an archer) (Genesis 21:20).
The brightest star, Hebrew channun = the gracious one (Psalm 45:2).
Accadian, Nun-ki = Prince of the earth. In Zodiac of Denderah, Pi-maere
= graciousness, and Knem, He conquers.
- LYRA. (Psalm 65:1).
The brightest star Vega = He shall be exalted. In the Zodiac of
Denderah = Fent-kar = the serpent ruled. Originally an eagle,
from confusion between Hebrew nesher, and shir
(song or music).
- ARA, an altar upside down, pointing to Tartarus (Isaiah 63:4,
Arabic Al mugamra = the completing or finishing (Psalm 21:9
- DRACO. Ends the first book, The dragon cast down. CETUS ends
the second book. Levia-than bound. HYDRA ends the third book. The old
serpent destroyed. Draco = trodden on. (Psalm 91:13;
74:12 - 14.
In Zodiac of Denderah it is a serpent under the fore-feet of Sagittarius and
called Her-fent = the serpent accursed.The brightest star called
Thuban = the subtil.
= the goat of atonement. In Zodiac of Denderah and Esneh, Hu-penius
= the place of sacrifice. Hebrew Gedi,
the kid, or Gad'a, cut off. The brightest star is Al-gedi
= the kid. The next is Deneb al gedi = the sacrifice of the kid.
- SAGITTA, the arrow. (Psalm 38:2.
Isaiah 53:4, 5.)
Hebrew Shamad, or shamem = destroying.
- AQUILA, the eagle, pierced and wounded and falling. The brightest
star, Al tair = wounding. All the others are similar.
- DELPHINUS. Always a fish full of life, the head upwards. Hebrew Dălaph
= the pouring out of water. Arabic Dalaph = coming quickly.
In the Zodiac of Denderah he has two urns. The fish seems to have come out of
one of them. Hebrew name Dali = water-urn or bucket (Numbers 24:7).
Brightest star Sa'ad al Melik = the record of the pouring forth.
The next Sa'ad al Sund = who goeth and returneth (compare Isaiah
44:2 - 6;
- PISCIS AUSTRALIS. The southern fish. Arabic Fom al haut
= the mouth of the fish. Zodiac of Denderah = Aar, a stream.
- PEGASUS. The winged horse. Zodiac of Denderah Pe and ka = Peka,
or pega. Hebrew pehah = the chief, and sus,
a horse; name thus come down. The brightest is Markab, Hebrew merhak
= returning from afar.
- CYGNUS. In the Zodiac of Denderah, Tes-ark = this
from afar. A mighty bird, not falling dead like Aquila. Brightest star Deneb
= the Judge; called also Adige = flying swiftly. The second, Al
Bireo = flying quickly. Two others: Azel = who goes
and returns quickly, and Fafage = gloriously shining forth.
Egyptian name in the Zodiac or Denerah = Pi-cot Orion or Pisces
Hori = the fishes (that is to say, swarms or multitudes) of Him Who
cometh. Hebrew Dagim, the fishes (Genesis 48:16).
Syriac name, Nuno = lengthened out (that is to say, in posterity).
Compare Isaiah 53:10.
Ezekiel 36:10, 11;
Note the two fishes= the earthly and heavenly callings (one fish horizontal, the
other looking upward). 113 stars much of the same magnitude. The brightest star
is Okda = the united. The next (Arabic) Al samaca =
the upheld. (Isaiah 41:8
- THE BAND. Egyptian name U-or = He cometh binding them
together (Hosea 11:4);
and breaking the band which binds them to their old enemy Cetus.
- ANDROMEDA. Name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Set,
which means seated as a queen. Also, Sirco = the chained. The
brightest star is Al Phiratz = the broken down. The next, Mirach
= the weak. The next, Al amok (Arabic) = struck down. (Isaiah
54:11 - 14;
- CEPHUS. The king. In the Zodiac of Denderah Pe-ku-hor
= this one cometh to rule. Cepheus is Greek from the Hebrew zemah
= the Branch. Ethiopian name, Hyh = a king. The brightest star
is Al Deramin = coming quickly. The next is Al Phirk
= the Redeemer. The next, Al Rai' = who bruises or breaks.
The ram or lamb full of vigour. Not falling in death like Capricornus.
The name in the Zodiac of Denderah Tametouris Ammon = the reign or
rule Ammon. Hebrew name Taleh = the lamb. Arabic Al Hamel
= the sheep. Syriac Amroo, as in John 1:29.
The Accadian name was Bar-Ziggar = the altar making right = the
sacrifice of righteousness. The brightest star is El nath or El
natik = wounded, or slain. The next, Al Sharatan = the
bruised, or wounded. Compare Revelation 5:9
- CASSIOPEIA. The enthroned woman. Arabic name El seder
= the freed. In the Zodiac of Denderah Set = seated as queen.
Arabic Ruchba = the enthroned. The brightest star is Schedir
= the freed. The next, Kaph (Hebrew ) = the branch. (Isaiah
Jeremiah 31:3 -12.
Psalm 45:9 - 17.
Isaiah 61:10, 11.)
- CETUS. The sea monster. The great enemy bound (Revelation 20:10;
compare 20:1 - 3).
The name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Knem = subdued. The
brightest star is Menkar = the enemy chained. The next is Diphda
or Deneb Kaitos = overthrown, or thrust down. Another is Mira
= therebel. (Job 41:1
Isaiah 51:22, 23;
Psalm 74:12 - 14.)
- PERSEUS. The Breaker. Hebrew Perez. Greek, Perses,
or Perseus (Romans 16:12.
Micah 2:12, 13).
Name in Zodiac of Denderah is Kar Knem = he who fights and
subdues. The brightest star is Mirfak = who helps. The next, Al
Genib = who carries away. The next is Athik = who
Messiah coming in judgment. Chaldee Tor. Hence, Arabic Al
Thaur; Greek, Tauros; Latin Taurus. The common Hebrew name is Shur
= coming and ruling, and Re'em
= pre-eminence. The brightest star in Al Debaran = the Leader or
Governor. The next is El nath = wounded or slain. The group
Pleiades is Kimah = heap or accumulation. (Job 9:9;
A bright star is Al Cyone = the centre. Hebrew and Syriac name is Succoth
= booths. Another group, Hyades = the congregated. (Deuteronomy
Isaiah 13:11 -15;
34:2 - 8;
- ORION. The coming Prince. Light breaking forth, through the
Redeemer. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Ha-ga-t = this is He
Who triumphs Oarion = Hebrew 'Or, light; or
coming forth as light (compare Job 9:9;
= a strong one (translated "Orion" in Job 9:9;
The brightest star is Betelgeuz = the coming of the Branch
The next is Rigel or Rigol = the foot of him that
crusheth. The next is Bellatrix = swiftly destroying. Another is
Al Nitak = the wounded One. Many others with names of cumulative
meanings. (See Isaiah 42:13,
- ERIDANUS. The river of judgment. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Peh-ta-t
= the mouth of the river. The brightest star is Achernar = the
after part of the river. So with the other names, going forth, flowing on
(to the lower regions of the south). Daniel 7:9
Psalm 97:3 -5;
Isaiah 30:27 - 33.
Nahum 1:5, 6.
Isaiah 66:15, 16.
- AURIGA. The Shepherd. (Isaiah 40:10,
Auriga = Charioteer. The brightest star is Alioth = a she-goat.
Modern Latin name is Capella, same meaning. The next is Menkilinon
= the band of the goats; bound, never to be again lost. (John 10:11.)
In the Zodiac of Denderah, the shepherd carries a sceptre (Trun),
the top with a goat, and bottom with a cross. (Malachi 4:1
Psalm 37:38 - 40).
The Twins. Name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Clusus or Claustrum
Hori = the place of Him Who cometh. The old Coptic name was Pi-Mahi
= the united. Hebrew Thaumim (from ta'am) = double.
The root used in Exodus 26:24
(twinned together). The brightest star is Apollo = ruler or judge.
The next is Hercules = who cometh to labour and suffer. Another is
Al Henah = hurt, wounded. (Isaiah 4:2;
Jeremiah 23:5, 6;
- LEPUS ( the enemy trodden under foot). In the Zodiac of Denderah
the name is Bashti- beki = falling confounded. Aratus says "chased
eternally". The brightest star is Arnebo = the
enemy of Him Who cometh. Others stars are Nibal = the mad; Rakis,
the bound; Sugia, the deceiver. (Isaiah 63:3,
- CANIS MAJOR. Sirius, The Prince. In Zodiac of
Denderah it is Apes = the head. In Persian Planisphere= a wolf
The brightest star is Sirius = the Prince. In Persian Tistrya
or Tistar = the chieftain. The next is Mirzam =
the prince. Another is Wesen = the shining, and another Adhara
= the glorious. Many other cognate names (Isaiah 9:6;
Daniel 8:23, 25.)
- CANIS MINOR. The second Dog. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Sebak
= conquering, victorious. The brightest star Procyon =
Redeemer. The next is Gomeisa (Arabic) = the burdened, bearing
for others. Many other cognate names. (Isaiah 49:24
The Crab. Messiah's possessions held fast. In the Zodiac of Denderah and Esneh
it is a sacred beetle. It name there given is Klaria =
cattle-folds. Arabic name is Al Sarta'n = He Who holds or binds
together (Genesis 49:11).
The Greek name is Karkinos = encircling; the same as the Latin Cancer,
from Arabic Khan an Inn, and Ker, or Cer
= encircling. The ancient Accadian is Su-kul-na = the seizer, or
possessor of seed. A bright cluster is called Praesepe = a
multitude or offspring. The brightest star is Tegmine = holding.
Another is Acubene = the sheltering or hiding place. Another, Ma'alaph
= assembled thousands. North and south of Praesepe are two bright
stars, Assellus North and Assellus South: their sign
and called the two asses, thus connecting it with Cancer, which is the sign of
Issachar (compare Genesis 49:14.
- URSA MINOR. The little Bear = the lesser sheep-fold. The brightest
star of Ursa Minor is Dubheh = a herd. Arabic Dubah
means cattle. Hebrew Dober = a fold, from dobe'
= rest or security, rendered "strength" in
See Revised Version margin. All points to this (compare Judges 5:16).
The Hebrew Dob = a bear. So Arabic Dub, and
Persian Deeb or Dob. Hence the mistake. The
brightest star is Al riccaba = the turned or ridden on, denoting
it as the Polar star. The Greeks called it Kunosoura = Cynosure,
but this word is Accadian. An-nas-sur-ra = high in rising; or
high in heavenly position. The next bright star is Kochab =
waiting Him Who cometh.
- URSA MAJOR. The great Bear = the Fold and the Flock (Obadiah 17
In Job 9:9
and 38:31, 32,
it is called 'Ash and her offspring. Authorized Version =
Arcturus and her sons. Revised Version = Bear and his train (margin, sons).
Arabs still call it Al Naish or Annaish = the
assembled together as in a fold. The brightest star is Dubhe = a
flock, which gives its name to the two constellations. The next is Merach
= the flock (Arabic = purchased). The next is Phaeda or Pharda
= numbered or guarded (Psalm 147:4).
Another is called Benet Naish = daughters of the assembly.
Another, Al Kaid = the assembled. Many other cognate names.
(Compare Ezekiel 34:12
- ARGO. The Ship = the Pilgrims, safe at home. In the Egyptian
Planisphere there are two ships (like the two folds). They occupy one-half
of the south meridians. The brightest star in Canopus = the
possession of Him Who cometh. Other names are Sephina = the
multitude. Tureis = the possession. Asmidiska =
the released who travel, etc. (See Jeremiah 30:10,
Isaiah 60:4 - 9.)
The Lion. Messiah's consummated triumph. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Pi
Mentikeon = the pouring out (of Divine wrath). The three constellations
crystallize the truth.
- 1. Hydra = the old serpent destroyed.
- 2. Crater = the cup of wrath poured out on him.
- 3. Corvus = the bird of prey devouring him.
Denderah picture exhibits all four in one. The Syriac name is Aryo
= the rending lion. Arabic Al Asad = the lion leaping forth as a
flame. The brightest star is Regulus = treading under foot (as
pictured). The next is Denebola = the Judge or Lord Who cometh.
The next is Al Giebha = the exaltation. Another is Zosma
= shining forth. All the others are cognate. (Genesis 49:8,
Amos 3:4, 8.
- HYDRA. The Old Serpent. Hydra = he is abhorred. The
brightest star is Cor Hydra = the heart of Hydra. Its ancient
name is Al phard = the put away. Another is Al Drian
= the abhorred. Another is Minchar al Sugia = the piercing of
The constellation has thirteen stars, (compare
- CRATER. The Cup [of wrath poured out] (Psalm 75:
- CORVUS. The Raven. The birds of prey devouring. The name in the
Zodiac of Denderah, Her-na = the enemy breaking up. There are
nine stars (see
Appendix 10). The brightest star is Chiba (Numbers 23:8)
= accursed. Another is Minchar al Gorab = the raven tearing to
end the Scriptures of the Heavens. This is the story they tell forth. This is
the "speech" they "utter". This
is the "knowledge" they "shew forth".
There is no articulate speech or voice; and no words are heard; but their
sayings have gone out into all the world (Psalm 19:1
They are "for SEASONS".
Not only are the stars made for signs ('othoth,
from the root 'athah = to come), but for Seasons. These are not
the four seasons of the year, but Cycles of time. The figure Polysyndeton
(see Appendix 6)
in Genesis 1:14
emphasises this: "and for seasons, and for days, and years".
The word means appointed times. (Compare Genesis 17:21;
Thus the sun, moon, and stars are for "signs" (things to
come), and for "seasons" (appointed times).
There are no less than ten of these cycles, all of them
different; not concentric, but yet all of them coinciding at creation, but never
since: like number of hoops of different sizes hanging from a nail. This shows
that they must have had a given simultaneous start.
- The cycle
of 24 hours for the day, an evening and morning.
revolution of the Moon round the earth.
- The lunar
cycle, which began at the same moment as the solar cycle.
- The daily
revolution of the Sun, which places him on the meridian at noon each day.
- The Solar
Cycle, coinciding with the first of the seven years of lunar motion and
repeating itself every 365 days.
beginning of a Week of seven days on the first day of the week, of the first
month of the first year of the first solar cycle.
- The first
Eclipse of a cycle of eighteen years and eleven days, to which the ancient
astronomers gave the name of Saros; each Saros containing an
average of seventy eclipses, divided into two portions of 594 years and 666
years, making together 1,260 years.
these, there is the period of the Heliacal risings of Sirius, in a cycle of
Transits of Venus,
- And the
grand cycle known as the Precession of the Equinoxes.
these combine and unite in showing that the chronology of Archbishop Usher was
substantially correct. And this proves that the inflated chronology of modern
historians and theologians is entirely unscientific, being the hypothesis of men
who dabbled in things outside their own sphere, and of which they were
incompetent to form a correct judgment.
The same Hebrew as in verse 4.